20 Jun '16, 1pm

The Durability of Ethnicity: Intra-state and Non-state Violence: By: Phil W. Reynolds In the past two

There have been only 51 interstate wars and 418 internal, ethnic conflicts since 1945.[1] The militarily weak actors in these ethnic conflicts have steadily increased their ability to achieve their political objectives. The trend continues: In 2014, there was only one state-on-state conflict and thirty-nine intrastate, largely ethnic conflicts.[2] Additionally, in 2014, there were 61 organized, non-state groups causing at least twenty-five deaths a year.[3] The effectiveness of sub-state groups in achieving their goals has dramatically increased. In the past two hundred years, states have gone from winning some eighty percent of internal conflicts to less than half that by the end of the twentieth century.[4] Ties of ethnic identity primarily drive these conflicts. Still ethnic conflict lacks proper study in most military institutions because they cannot be replicated unde...

Full article: http://smallwarsjournal.com/jrnl/art/the-durability-of-et...

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